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ANTH 1002: Anthropology in the world
Monday, August 15, 2022
Slides available at https://anthro.rschram.org/1002/2022/3.1
Main reading: West (2012)
Other reading: Marx ( 1972)
It’s time for show and tell. Take a look at the three things Ryan has brought to class today (or view these pictures)
They are different, but which differences do you think are the most important or meaningful?
Talk for a minute amongst yourselves (in person or in the chat) and then let’s discuss this as a group.
A worker under capitalism brings “his own hide to market and has nothing to expect but – a hiding” (Marx  1972, 343).
What do you think he means by this? Buzz about this. What do you associate with the word Capitalism? Marxism? When did you first hear these words? Have you ever read the Communist Manifesto?
Let C represent a good, e.g. boots, cell phone, gum.
Let M represent money.
Marx wants to know why society moved from #1 to #2.
In developing his ideas, Mauss did not borrow directly from Marx.
At the same time, Mauss’s idea of the gift can be seen as the logical opposite of the Marxist conception of the commodity:
A world in which one meets one’s needs through buying and selling on a market may also sound like a social world based on individual personal freedom. For them, this is modernity.
Marx is critical of the dogma of Homo economicus (or the innate economic rationality of each individual), but also believes that there is a logic in history.
Marx, Karl. (1867) 1972. “Capital, Vol. 1 [Selections].” In The Marx-Engels Reader, edited by Robert C. Tucker, 309–43. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Ross, Emma. 2021. “Fast Fashion Getting Faster: A Look at the Unethical Labor Practices Sustaining a Growing Industry.” International Law and Policy Brief, October. https://studentbriefs.law.gwu.edu/ilpb/2021/10/28/fast-fashion-getting-faster-a-look-at-the-unethical-labor-practices-sustaining-a-growing-industry/.
West, Paige. 2012. “Village Coffee.” In From Modern Production to Imagined Primitive: The Social World of Coffee from Papua New Guinea, 101–29. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
Yadlapalli, Aswini, and Shams Rahman. 2021. “Years After the Rana Plaza Tragedy, Bangladesh’s Garment Workers Are Still Bottom of the Pile.” The Conversation. April 22, 2021. http://theconversation.com/years-after-the-rana-plaza-tragedy-bangladeshs-garment-workers-are-still-bottom-of-the-pile-159224.