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ANTH 2700: Key debates in anthropology
Social Sciences Building 410 (A02)
Week of April 04, 2022 (Week 7)
Slides available at http://anthro.rschram.org/2700/2022/7
Main reading: Holtzman (2007)
Other reading: Kelly (1998)
Can you draw a complete picture of the world from memory?
What do we learn when we see children’s maps of the world? For instance
Dixon, Terrance. 2019. “Middle School Student Can Draw World Map from Memory.” NBC 12 (WWBT). November 8, 2019. https://www.nbc12.com/2019/11/07/hanover-student-can-draw-map-memory/.
The more familiar Mercator projection distorts the distance between points near the poles, making northern areas look larger than they are relative to areas around the Equator.
This projection, a modified version of a projection created by Walter Behrmann in 1910, distorts the shapes near the Equator and the poles, but preserves shapes at about 33 degrees north and south latitude, so that every area is the same size as it is on a globe (Snyder and Voxland 1989, 19–20).
Histories are maps of time.
The emphasis on change is culturally conditioned in Western societies:
Culture gives its members a set of narratives—metanarratives—that they apply to themselves as specific instances of a general type.
“Like sands through the hour glass, so are the days of our lives.”
Who is the hero?
Who is the villain?
It is a fact that no society is static, and that no society exists in pristine isolation. Given this, is the term globalization useful? What’s special about this period in history?
There are two parts to what we mean by globalization we need to separate
Today there are many different global contexts
Which one matters the most is a subject of debate
When people say that economic globalization is slowing down or going in reverse, anthropologists would say:
Abramms, Bob, and Howard Bronstein. 2002. “The [South-Up] Hobo-Dyer Equal Area Projection Map.” Amherst, Mass.: ODT Maps, Inc. http://odt.org/Pictures/sideb.jpg.
Holtzman, Jon. 2007. “Eating Time: Capitalist History and Pastoralist History Among Samburu Herders in Northern Kenya.” Journal of Eastern African Studies 1 (3): 436–48. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17531050701625391.
Kelly, John. 1998. “Time and the Global: Against the Homogeneous, Empty Communities in Contemporary Social Theory.” Development and Change 29 (4): 839–71. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7660.00101.
Snyder, John Parr, and Philip M. Voxland. 1989. An Album of Map Projections. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.