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ANTH 1002: Anthropology in the world
Module 3, Week 3, Lecture 2
Social Sciences Building (A02), Room 410
October 16, 2019
Available at http://anthro.rschram.org/1002/3.3.2
When a society organized on the basis of gifts encounters a globalizing capitalist market, many different outcomes are possible.
Indeed, one could argue that these alternative outcomes are always co-present simultaneously in any one society, e.g. Gershon on faʻalavelave among Samoans in diaspora (Gershon 2012).
In the next example, which do you think best describes what is happening?
We the people of Salamaua would like to put down the prices of our things in this newspaper so that all of you will see them. We would like this message to all of you people in villages in the area of Markham River and Finschhafen.
Now you all see the prices for all these things and then you all will get it right. So, prices for them are like this: If you see a pot for 4/-, then you pay with (givim long) two big pandanus of 4/-. If a pot for 2/-, then you pay with (givim long) a pandanus of 2/-. The reason is you all always just bring pandanus and get pots. So, you all don’t know the price (pei) of these things. And so, we put them for the pots so that you all can see them.
If a pot is 5/-, or £1, then you must pay (pei) directly with money. It is not good that you should give pandanus for 5/- and £1 and get a pot. You know that the work of a pot is not like the work of pandanus - Pots are harder work than pandanus, so you must pay directly for big pots with real money.
The work of pots is like this:- The very first thing, they must dig the ground and they get really deep. After that, they bring it to the village and the work of women now begins. The women bake the earth in a really big fire - They bake this earth so that it becomes really strong. This work isn’t easy. It’s really hard work. Many days pass, and then the pot is now finished and a man can cook food in it.
We say this because you all have put down many things of yours - So we see this and so we Salamaua people, we support you all. Our message is finished. We all the people of Salamaua.
“People of Salamaua.” 1948. “Pei bilong sosopen.” Lae Garamut (28 August) 2(23): 4.
Turn to your Canvas site and take Quiz 17: Efflorescence of reciprocity.
Ryan will announce the code in class.
One of the ways societies respond to market forces is by placing limits on individual choices
Market-driven societies also place some kind of moral limit on profit as well
Certain kinds of value remain embedded in social relationships while other kinds are able to be commodified, bought and sold.
Gershon, Ilana. 2012. No Family Is an Island: Cultural Expertise among Samoans in Diaspora. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Hart, Keith. 1973. “Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana.” The Journal of Modern African Studies 11 (1): 61–89. https://doi.org/10.2307/159873.
Hochschild, Arlie Russell, and Anne Machung. 1989. The Second Shift. New York: Penguin Books.
Kahn, Miriam. 1986. Always Hungry, Never Greedy: Food and the Expression of Gender in a Melanesian Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mazelis, Joan Maya. 2017. Surviving Poverty: Creating Sustainable Ties among the Poor. New York: New York University Press.
Sharp, Timothy L. M. 2016. “Trade’s Value: Relational Transactions in the Papua New Guinea Betel Nut Trade.” Oceania 86 (1): 75–91. https://doi.org/10.1002/ocea.5116.
Shipton, Parker. 1989. Bitter Money: Cultural Economy and Some African Meanings of Forbidden Commodities. Washington, D.C.: American Anthropological Association.
Stack, Carol B. 2008 . All Our Kin: Strategies For Survival In A Black Community. New York: Basic Books.