Mills 169 (A26)
September 6, 2017
Available at http://anthro.rschram.org/1002/6.2
Colen, Shellee. 1995. “‘Like a Mother to Them’: Stratified Reproduction and West Indian Childcare Workers and Employers in New York.” In Conceiving the New World Order: The Global Politics of Reproduction, edited by Faye D. Ginsburg and Rayna Rapp, 78–102. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.
Just like the production of commodities for Western markets is now highly globalized, so too is the commodification of care also globalized.
There are commodity chains of reproductive labor, or “global care chains” (Hochschild 2000).
Commodity chains are assembled by capitalist firms using container ships. How are care chains created?
Remittances are transfers of cash from person to person between countries, usually by a migrant worker sending money home to family or relatives to support them.
Remittances are, in other words, gifts of money. They are ways of doing kinship when you can't be physically present to provide the care you normally would in your role as a family member.
From a macro perspective, remittances are also a major part of the contemporary global economy, especially from the perspective of the so-called developing world, where many immigrants come from.
A commodity chain gives us an image of one side of globalization, but it is incomplete.
If we conceptualize globalization as a transnational network of gifts, we get a better picture.
Cities are transnational hubs
Cities are microcosms of global capitalism
Hochschild, Arlie Russell. 2000. “Global Care Chains and Emotional Surplus Value.” In On the Edge: Globalization and the New Millennium, edited by Anthony Giddens and Will Hutton, 130–46. London: SAGE Publications.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 2017. “Resource Flows beyond ODA in DAC Statistics.” Accessed September 5. http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/beyond-oda.htm.
World Bank. 2017a. “Exports of Goods and Services (% of GDP).” World Bank Open Data. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.EXP.GNFS.ZS?view=chart.
———. 2017b. “Personal Remittances, Received (% of GDP).” World Bank Open Data. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/BX.TRF.PWKR.DT.GD.ZS.