Mills 169 (A26)
Monday, August 15, 2016
Available at http://anthro.rschram.org/1002/4.1
The instructions for the essay are on Blackboard and will be visible at noon under 'Assessment Information'.
The essay is due on 7 September at 4 p.m. online on Blackboard.
For this essay, you will read a supplemental article by Lisa Cliggett (2003) and choose two other case studies from class readings. (One of your cases can be Ongka's Big Moka.)
In your essay you should make an argument that shows how Cliggett’s examples and the evidence from two other ethnographic cases provide evidence for the claim that the social force of reciprocity and interdependence determines the ways in which a community participates in the global capitalist system
You can drop in to the Writing Hub in Teachers' College for advice about writing essays and developing arguments.
A worker under capitalism brings “his own hide to market and has nothing to expect but – a hiding” (Marx 1867, chap. 6).
What do you think he means by this? Buzz about this. What do you associate with the word Capitalism? Marxism? When did you first hear these words? Have you ever read the Communist Manifesto?
Let C represent a good, e.g. boots, cell phone, gum.
Let M represent money.
Marx wants to know why society moved from #1 to #2.
Fordism was the model for production in both socialist and capitalist economies.
As capitalism ascends over socialism, capital also puts pressure on states to liberalize trade and investment across borders, so that it may invest in cheaper processes (or offshore and outsource some aspects of production to places with lower wages). Production as well as consumption is globalized, and this requires new methods of production which are more “flexible.” A post-Fordist model is born: Lots of little shops competing for a number of different small jobs for big companies.
Post socialist countries are not simply new capitalist economies. In order to compete in the new era of global capitalism, they must also shift from Fordist-socialist production to post-Fordist production. This requires people not only to adjust to a free market, but one in which a worker must also be flexible. Ironically, informal ties among workers and managers, and among vendors and customers, make this happen. Socialism as an economic model is gone, but as a culture, it lives on!
Cliggett, Lisa. 2003. “Gift Remitting and Alliance Building in Zambian Modernity: Old Answers to Modern Problems.” American Anthropologist 105 (3): 543–52.
Marx, Karl. 1849. “Wage Labour and Capital.” Neue Rheinische Zeitung, April 5. https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1847/wage-labour/index.htm.
Marx, Karl. 1867. Capital, Vol. 1. Moscow: Progress Publishers. https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/.