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2654:7 [2020/01/25 15:28]
2654:7 [2021/06/29 02:27] (current)
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 +# Feminist anthropology and kinship #
 +## Feminist anthropology and kinship ##
 +Ryan Schram
 +ANTH 2654: Forms of Families
 +10 September 2015
 +Available at http://​anthro.rschram.org/​2654/​7
 +## Lecture outline ##
 +* The matrilineal puzzle, according to Audrey Richards.
 +  - Why is this puzzling? What do you have to assume is true?
 +* Gender in anthropology
 +  - Margaret Mead: Gender is not universal
 +* Feminist anthropology:​ Ethnography has a male bias
 +  - In many societies, women are not available to talk to anthropologists
 +  - Key informants tend to be men, since in many societies, men travel more.
 +  - Male ethnographers may not be permitted to talk to women. Even female anthropologists may be treated as if they were men.
 +  - Anthropological theory assumed that male kinship statuses were more important, and hence male informants would know more about society.
 +  - Early feminist anthropology sought to draw attention to and redress this bias.
 +* Feminist anthropology:​ Male domination
 +  - Patriarchy itself is a social fact, and can be explained as such.
 +  - Patriarchy defined:
 +    - Ideologies of male superiority or female inferiority.
 +    - Symbols of gender in which female is associated with danger.
 +    - Exclusion of women from power and valued social positions.
 +    - Men seem to stand for society as a whole.
 +* Criticism of Ortner
 +    - Not all societies are hierarchical. Egalitarian societies tend to have more fluid divisions of labor and more personal autonomy for men and women.
 +    - The myth of matriarchy. Just because men rule does not mean that men believe that they have a natural right to rule.
 +    - Women'​s power is invisible. Women are supreme in the "​female domain." ​