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Mills 169 (A26)
August 16, 2017
Available at http://anthro.rschram.org/1002/3.2
When societies which are largely integrated through gifts encounter the market principle, many things can happen:
So now we can see Ongka in a new light. He's not a living fossil. He straddles two worlds. He makes money from selling coffee, and he keeps a cycle of moka going too.
Ongka and other big men draw on money earned in markets to make bigger gifts. Money has led to the efflorescence of the moka system.
Papua New Guinea Pidgin (Tok Pisin) is sometimes called Neo-Melanesian English.
pait (v.): fight, strum.
Man i paitim gita. The man strums the guitar.
stap (v.): stop, be.
Ol i stap long Mosbi. They are in Port Moresby.
rot (n.): road, road, way, method, plan, strategy.
Husat save rot? Who knows the way?
“The first commercial impulse of the local people is not to become just like [the West], but more like themselves” (Sahlins 1992, 13).
As a Kewa leader once told an anthropologist (paraphrase): “You know what we mean by 'development?': building a hauslain [a village community], a men's house, and killing pigs. This we have done” (quoted in Sahlins 1992, 14).
“Developman: the enrichment of their own ideas of what mankind is all about” (Sahlins, 1992, 14).
When a society organized on the basis of gifts encounters a globalizing capitalist market, many different outcomes are possible. In the next lecture and next week, we will look at other possible responses:
Positive thinking has deep roots in Western culture, going back to the Enlightenment:
Yet there has also been a critical tradition in Western culture which has been skeptical of this.
Doctor Pangloss believes:
For Doctor Pangloss, there is no other way that things could turn out
If you would like to learn more about Marxism, visit: http://marxists.org/ for online editions of the Manifesto, Capital, and other key writings of Marx and Engels.
Andrae, Thomas. 2013. “Barks, Carl.” In Icons of the American Comic Book: From Captain America to Wonder Woman, volume 1, Duncan, Randy, and Matthew J. Smith, eds. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO.
Kahn, Miriam. 1993 . Always Hungry, Never Greedy: Food and the Expression of Gender in a Melanesian Society. Long Grove, Ill.: Waveland Press.
Nairn, Charlie. 1976. Ongka’s Big Moka. Granada Television. http://www.der.org/films/ongkas-big-moka.html.
Sahlins, Marshall. 1992. “The Economics of Develop-Man in the Paciﬁc.” Res 21: 13–25.
Strathern, Andrew, and Pamela Stewart. 2004. Empowering the Past, Confronting the Future: The Duna People of Papua New Guinea. Basingstoke, Eng.: Palgrave Macmillan.
Voltaire. 2006 . Candide. Project Gutenberg. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/19942/19942-h/19942-h.htm. .