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1002:2018:2.1 [2020/01/25 15:28] (current)
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 +~~DECKJS~~
 +
 +# "Pigs are our strong thing" #
 +
 +## Ongka and the gift ##
 +
 +Ryan Schram
 +
 +Mills 169 (A26)
 +
 +ryan.schram@sydney.edu.au
 +
 +Monday, August 7, 2017
 +
 +Available at: http://​anthro.rschram.org/​1002/​2.1
 +
 +## The Kula Ring ##
 +
 +{{url>​https://​www.google.com/​maps/​embed?​pb=!1m18!1m12!1m3!1d12201228.961331584!2d153.35986953923668!3d-12.52293378404623!2m3!1f0!2f0!3f0!3m2!1i1024!2i768!4f13.1!3m3!1m2!1s0x691f758ed688b3c1%3A0xac9dd65609d2e8c9!2sNormanby+Island!5e1!3m2!1sen!2sau!4v1403749009918}}
 +
 +## Bagi ##
 +
 +{{:​bagi.jpg|A bagi necklace}}
 +
 +(Necklace [*bagi*], late 20th century, Pacific Ethnographic Collection #80.1/3369, American Museum of Natural History)
 +
 +## Mwali ##
 +
 +{{:​mwali.jpg|A mwali armband}}
 +
 +(Armband [*mwali*], late 20th century, Pacific Ethnographic Collection #80.1/3409, American Museum of Natural History)
 +
 +
 +
 +## Look closely ##
 +
 +{{:​rubin.vase.jpg|A Rubin vase}}
 +
 +Vase or faces? (Rubin 1915)
 +
 +{{:​necker.cube.png|A Necker cube}}
 +
 +Which way is the cube oriented? (Necker 1832)
 +
 +## Who is he? ##
 +
 +{{:​ongka.jpg|Ongka,​ big man of Kawelka}}
 +
 +What do you notice about this person? (Nairn 1976)
 +
 +## Let's watch ##
 +
 +We will watch the first part of //​Ongka'​s Big Moka//, approximately 25 minutes. ​
 +
 +## What did you think? ##
 +
 +Take out a piece of paper. Talk for a few minutes with the person or
 +people next to you. What questions do you have? What do you want to
 +know more about? What would be good to discuss in tutorial?
 +
 +Write down your questions and reactions. ​
 +
 +Now you can take that piece of paper to tutorial, and discuss your
 +ideas in class.
 +
 +## Why exchange? ​
 +
 +Do people have, as Adam Smith says, a natural "​propensity to truck, barter, and exchange"​ things they have for things they need (Smith 1843 [1776], 6)? 
 +
 +If so, why do people exchange bagi for mwali, and then exchange mwali for bagi? Why do people often exchange identical things, like a pot of water for another pot of water? What is the motivation for these kinds of transactions where nothing is gained? ​
 +
 +## What's next ##
 +
 +On Wednesday, we learn why Ongka must give moka, and must reciprocate
 +moka. The answer comes from the theories of **[[:Marcel Mauss]]**. ​
 +
 +We discuss why gifts create obligations:​ to give, to receive, and to
 +reciprocate.
 +
 +We then talk about why this matters to understanding contemporary
 +society.
 +
 +## References ##
 +
 +Anonymous. late 20th century, A.D. Armband. Shell, string, bead, seed, fiber, leaf (palm). 80.1/ 3409. Pacific Ethnographic Collection, American Museum of Natural History. http://​anthro.amnh.org/​anthropology/​databases/​common/​public_access.cfm?​object_list=80.1%2F%203409.
 +
 +-----. late 20th century, A.D. Necklace. Shell, cord. 80.1/ 3369. Pacific Ethnographic Collection, American Museum of Natural History. http://​anthro.amnh.org/​anthropology/​databases/​common/​public_access.cfm?​object_list=80.1%2F%203369.
 +
 +Nairn, Charlie. 1976. Ongka'​s Big Moka. Granada
 +Television. http://​www.der.org/​films/​ongkas-big-moka.html.
 +
 +Necker, L. A. 1832. "​Observations on some remarkable optical
 +phaenomena seen in Switzerland;​ and on an optical phaenomenon which
 +occurs on viewing a figure of a crystal or geometrical solid"​. London
 +and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 1(5):
 +329-337.
 +
 +Rubin, Edgar. 1915. Synsoplevede figurer, studier i psykologisk
 +Analyse, Ite Del. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
 +
 +Smith, Adam. 1843 [1776]. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations With a Life of the Author: Also a View of the Doctrine of Smith, Compared with That of the French Economists, with a Method of Facilitating the Study of His Works, from the French of M. Jariner. Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson.
 +
 +
 +## A guide to the unit ##
 +
 +{{page>​1002guide}}
  
1002/2018/2.1.txt ยท Last modified: 2020/01/25 15:28 (external edit)